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马拉松13个术语解释

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年02月20日 18:18:50
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(原)(标)(题)(:马)(拉)(松)(13个)(术)(语)(解)(释)(
小)(伙)(伴)(们)(知)(道)(多)(少)(马)(拉)(松)(专)(业)(术)(语)(呢)(?
让)(我)(们)(一)(起)(来)(看)(看)(吧)(
全)(马)(半)(马)(
全)(程)(马)(拉)(松)(和)(半)(程)(马)(拉)(松)(简)(称)(为)(全)(马)(和)(半)(马)(。
全)(马)(距)(离)(为)(——42.195公)(里)(。半)(马)(距)(离)(为)(——21.0975公)(里)(。
配)(速)(
配)(速)(这)(个)(词)(来)(自)(英)(文)(单)(词)(pace,用)(来)(表)(示)(跑)(步)(的)(速)(度)(,常)(见)(单)(位)(是)(多)(少)(分)(钟)(/公)(里)(。
例)(如)(在)(一)(次)(十)(公)(里)(跑)(步)(训)(练)(中)(全)(程)(用)(了)(“五)(分)(钟)(每)(公)(里)(”的)(配)(速)(匀)(速)(跑)(完)(,则)(全)(程)(用)(时)(50分)(钟)(。
330/430
当)(你)(第)(一)(次)(听)(到)(别)(人)(说)(自)(己)(的)(全)(马)(成)(绩)(是)(330或)(者)(是)(520,你)(是)(否)(一)(头)(雾)(水)(呢)(?520,不)(就)(是)(“我)(爱)(你)(”吗)(?错)(!千)(万)(记)(住)(了)(,当)(朋)(友)(们)(在)(聊)(马)(拉)(松)(时)(,问)(到)(某)(某)(冠)(军)(跑)(完)(全)(马)(的)(时)(间)(,假)(如)(回)(答)(说)(:“四)(小)(时)(三)(十)(分)(”,那)(就)(显)(得)(太)(LOW了)(。这)(时)(一)(定)(要)(说)(“430(四)(三)(零)()”才)(显)(得)(内)(行)(。
同)(理)(,说)(到)(配)(速)(430,就)(是)(指)(每)(公)(里)(用)(时)(4分)(30秒)(。不)(要)(记)(错)(了)(。是)(否)(当)(成)(了)(330分)(钟)(或)(430分)(钟)(呢)(?其)(实)(这)(只)(是)(对)(于)(马)(拉)(松)(成)(绩)(的)(简)(称)(而)(已)(。比)(如)(你)(跑)(完)(全)(程)(马)(拉)(松)(用)(时)(四)(个)(半)(小)(时)(,那)(么)(你)(的)(成)(绩)(就)(是)(430,三)(个)(半)(小)(时)(就)(是)(330,2小)(时)(40分)(就)(是)(240。
sub30
对)(于)(每)(一)(个)(跑)(者)(来)(说)(,跑)(马)(成)(绩)(当)(然)(是)(非)(常)(重)(要)(的)(。不)(仅)(看)(中)(成)(绩)(的)(整)(数)(小)(时)(,也)(各)(位)(看)(中)(半)(小)(时)(档)(。往)(往)(将)(自)(己)(期)(望)(的)(成)(绩)(作)(为)(核)(心)(目)(标)(,来)(激)(励)(自)(己)(。于)(是)(,就)(有)(了)(SubX的)(说)(法)(。比)(如)(,全)(程)(马)(拉)(松)(你)(想)(跑)(进)(4小)(时)(,那)(么)(就)(是)(Sub4或)(者)(Sub400。
兔)(子)(
跑)(步)(赛)(事)(中)(的)(领)(跑)(员)(。一)(般)(是)(志)(愿)(者)(,他)(们)(对)(自)(己)(速)(度)(和)(节)(奏)(控)(制)(较)(好)(,在)(赛)(事)(活)(动)(中)(起)(到)(领)(跑)(的)(作)(用)(,可)(以)(帮)(助)(参)(加)(者)(提)(高)(成)(绩)(。兔)(子)(们)(一)(般)(会)(有)(显)(著)(的)(着)(装)(来)(标)(明)(兔)(子)(身)(份)(,比)(如)(兔)(子)(装)(或)(者)(悬)(挂)(气)(球)(,还)(有)(官)(方)(兔)(和)(民)(间)(兔)(。
最)(令)(人)(羡)(慕)(的)(还)(数)(只)(属)(于)(自)(己)(的)(私)(人)(兔)(,当)(然)(也)(可)(能)(有)(因)(为)(跑)(high了)(而)(不)(靠)(谱)(的)(兔)(子)(。一)(次)(马)(拉)(松)(赛)(事)(里)(可)(能)(会)(有)(三)(小)(时)(,三)(个)(半)(小)(时)(,四)(小)(时)(等)(不)(同)(时)(段)(的)(兔)(子)(。
极)(点)(
在)(训)(练)(和)(比)(赛)(过)(程)(中)(,会)(遇)(到)(胸)(闷)(、气)(喘)(、双)(腿)(乏)(力)(的)(感)(觉)(,称)(为)(极)(点)(。极)(点)(是)(身)(体)(在)(耐)(力)(型)(运)(动)(中)(的)(正)(常)(反)(应)(,它)(是)(暂)(时)(性)(的)(,只)(要)(坚)(持)(一)(会)(,疲)(劳)(感)(就)(会)(过)(去)(,迎)(来)(一)(段)(比)(较)(舒)(适)(的)(时)(间)(,直)(至)(遇)(到)(下)(一)(个)(极)(点)(。通)(过)(训)(练)(,可)(以)(推)(迟)(极)(点)(到)(来)(的)(时)(间)(和)(发)(生)(的)(频)(率)(。
撞)(墙)(
跑)(步)(过)(程)(中)(出)(现)(的)(感)(觉)(无)(法)(再)(前)(进)(的)(现)(象)(。造)(成)(的)(原)(因)(有)(很)(多)(,体)(力)(不)(够)(,跑)(的)(过)(快)(,距)(离)(超)(过)(了)(平)(时)(训)(练)(量)(等)(等)(。
极)(点)(和)(撞)(墙)(的)(区)(别)(:
(1)无)(论)(是)(全)(马)(、半)(马)(,职)(业)(选)(手)(还)(是)(业)(余)(跑)(者)(,都)(会)(体)(会)(到)(极)(点)(;但)(即)(使)(是)(最)(业)(余)(的)(跑)(者)(,半)(马)(也)(不)(会)(撞)(墙)(;而)(职)(业)(选)(手)(和)(训)(练)(充)(分)(的)(业)(余)(跑)(者)(,通)(过)(提)(高)(糖)(原)(储)(备)(和)(前)(期)(的)(脂)(肪)(消)(耗)(比)(例)(,可)(以)(在)(全)(马)(中)(避)(免)(撞)(墙)(。
(2)出)(现)(极)(点)(后)(速)(度)(略)(有)(下)(降)(,如)(果)(咬)(牙)(坚)(持)(,甚)(至)(可)(以)(做)(到)(不)(掉)(速)(;但)(是)(撞)(墙)(后)(掉)(速)(非)(常)(明)(显)(,并)(且)(完)(全)(无)(法)(避)(免)(。
(3)就)(身)(体)(感)(受)(上)(来)(说)(,极)(点)(期)(的)(感)(觉)(是)(身)(体)(“略)(有)(不)(适)(”,而)(撞)(墙)(期)(的)(感)(受)(是)(身)(体)(“完)(全)(被)(掏)(空)(”。
(4)出)(现)(极)(点)(后)(坚)(持)(一)(段)(时)(间)(,疲)(劳)(感)(会)(消)(失)(;而)(一)(旦)(撞)(墙)(,除)(非)(停)(下)(来)(休)(息)(并)(补)(充)(能)(量)(,撞)(墙)(期)(会)(一)(直)(持)(续)(到)(比)(赛)(结)(束)(。
撞)(墙)(的)(存)(在)(,让)(全)(马)(拥)(有)(与)(半)(马)(完)(全)(不)(同)(的)(气)(质)(。也)(许)(你)(平)(时)(跑)(跑)(5公)(里)(,咬)(咬)(牙)(就)(能)(完)(成)(半)(马)(,而)(挑)(战)(全)(马)(则)(需)(要)(多)(得)(多)(的)(训)(练)(、精)(心)(安)(排)(的)(体)(能)(分)(配)(和)(补)(给)(策)(略)(、更)(加)(坚)(韧)(的)(坚)(持)(,乃)(至)(更)(深)(的)(痛)(。
关)(门)(时)(间)(
马)(拉)(松)(比)(赛)(除)(了)(重)(点)(的)(关)(门)(时)(间)(,也)(有)(不)(同)(分)(段)(的)(关)(门)(时)(间)(。简)(单)(来)(说)(,其)(实)(就)(是)(参)(赛)(选)(手)(如)(果)(未)(能)(在)(规)(定)(时)(间)(内)(,通)(过)(指)(定)(地)(点)(的)(话)(,那)(这)(名)(选)(手)(就)(会)(被)(拒)(之)(门)(外)(,无)(法)(继)(续)(参)(加)(比)(赛)(。
尤)(其)(需)(要)(注)(意)(的)(是)(,关)(门)(时)(间)(指)(的)(是)(枪)(时)(,而)(并)(非)(是)(净)(时)(。
PB
人)(们)(常)(说)(的)(PB,其)(实)(是)(英)(文)(词)(组)(PersonalBest的)(缩)(写)(,即)(个)(人)(最)(好)(成)(绩)(。刷)(新)(自)(己)(的)(PB,相)(信)(是)(每)(一)(个)(跑)(友)(都)(会)(追)(求)(的)(小)(目)(标)(。
对)(于)(大)(部)(分)(跑)(友)(来)(说)(,没)(有)(什)(么)(比)(创)(造)(PB更)(让)(人)(开)(心)(的)(了)(。
净)(成)(绩)(/枪)(时)(成)(绩)(
跑)(步)(赛)(事)(中)(参)(赛)(者)(都)(会)(配)(戴)(记)(时)(芯)(片)(。净)(成)(绩)(即)(指)(芯)(片)(记)(录)(的)(成)(绩)(。为)(何)(很)(多)(时)(候)(净)(成)(绩)(会)(和)(比)(赛)(成)(绩)(不)(一)(样)(?因)(为)(跑)(步)(活)(动)(一)(般)(参)(加)(人)(数)(众)(多)(,比)(赛)(成)(绩)(起)(始)(时)(间)(以)(枪)(响)(为)(准)(,而)(每)(个)(人)(通)(过)(起)(点)(线)(的)(时)(间)(却)(是)(不)(同)(的)(。
心)(率)(
心)(率)(即)(跑)(步)(时)(每)(分)(钟)(心)(跳)(的)(次)(数)(。一)(般)(分)(为)(安)(静)(心)(率)(和)(运)(动)(心)(率)(。安)(静)(心)(率)(是)(指)(人)(体)(在)(未)(进)(行)(体)(育)(锻)(炼)(状)(态)(下)(的)(正)(常)(心)(率)(,即)(日)(常)(心)(率)(。正)(常)(人)(的)(安)(静)(心)(率)(一)(般)(在)(60~100次)(/min之)(间)(。运)(动)(心)(率)(即)(人)(体)(在)(运)(动)(时)(保)(持)(的)(心)(率)(状)(态)(。
保)(持)(最)(佳)(运)(动)(心)(率)(对)(于)(运)(动)(效)(果)(和)(运)(动)(安)(全)(都)(很)(重)(要)(。如)(果)(心)(率)(过)(高)(,会)(对)(身)(体)(健)(康)(不)(利)(,导)(致)(恶)(心)(、头)(晕)(、胸)(闷)(等)(,甚)(至)(还)(可)(能)(会)(危)(及)(生)(命)(安)(全)(。
BQ
相)(信)(跑)(马)(拉)(松)(的)(朋)(友)(们)(,都)(可)(能)(听)(过)(BQ这)(一)(说)(。那)(么)(BQ到)(底)(指)(的)(是)(什)(么)(呢)(?BQ其)(实)(是)(英)(文)(词)(组)(BostonQualify的)(缩)(写)(,即)(波)(士)(顿)(马)(拉)(松)(报)(名)(门)(槛)(。举)(世)(闻)(名)(的)(波)(士)(顿)(马)(拉)(松)(因)(其)(极)(为)(严)(格)(的)(报)(名)(门)(槛)(,是)(全)(世)(界)(很)(多)(跑)(步)(爱)(好)(者)(心)(中)(的)(向)(往)(。
除)(了)(赞)(助)(商)(和)(慈)(善)(名)(额)(,只)(有)(达)(到)(BQ成)(绩)(门)(槛)(的)(跑)(者)(才)(能)(参)(加)(这)(个)(殿)(堂)(级)(的)(马)(拉)(松)(。BQ按)(照)(性)(别)(年)(龄)(划)(分)(,比)(如)(18-34周)(岁)(的)(需)(要)(达)(到)(3小)(时)(05分)((男)(性)()、3小)(时)(35分)((女)(性)(),完)(成)(该)(成)(绩)(要)(在)(一)(定)(时)(间)(周)(期)(内)(,几)(年)(前)(跑)(出)(的)(不)(算)(。同)(时)(,上)(述)(的)(比)(赛)(是)(波)(马)(组)(委)(会)(认)(可)(的)(资)(格)(赛)(事)(,而)(非)(资)(格)(赛)(需)(要)(组)(委)(会)(额)(外)(审)(核)(。
排)(酸)(跑)(
排)(酸)(跑)(也)(被)(称)(为)(恢)(复)(跑)(,排)(酸)(跑)(一)(般)(是)(在)(参)(加)(长)(距)(离)(比)(赛)(后)(,如)(全)(马)(、超)(马)(等)(,体)(内)(积)(聚)(下)(来)(的)(乳)(酸)(一)(时)(消)(除)(不)(了)(,当)(天)(又)(很)(累)(,于)(是)(第)(二)(天)(进)(行)(小)(量)(慢)(跑)(,帮)(助)(排)(酸)(,缓)(解)(疲)(劳)(。
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